Diagnostic Imaging at Southern Regional
Southern Regional is dedicated to making sure our patients understand more
about healthcare. Here are some commonly-used terms to help you learn
about diagnostic imaging procedures.
Mammography/Mammogram - A type of X-ray using a low dose of X-ray and high-contrast, high-resolution
film that is used to detect breast cancer.
(magnetic resonance imaging) - Provides high-contrast images of soft tissue. It is used to image the brain,
the spine, injured joints, blood vessels and organs in the abdomen and pelvis.
X-rays - There are two main types of X-rays. A radiographic X-ray is when a still
image is made of a bone or organ. A fluoroscopic x-ray is when a moving
image of an organ is viewed on a TV screen or computer monitor.
CT or CAT scan (computed tomography) - Combines the use of a computer with an X-ray to create cross-sectional
images of bone, soft tissue and organs.
Ultrasound - Relatively inexpensive and radiation-free, this method is used to monitor
fetal development, as well as to evaluate kidneys, liver, pancreas and
blood vessels in the neck and abdomen.
DEXA scanning (bone mineral density) - Involves taking dual-energy X-rays of bones in the spine, wrist, arm
or leg and comparing the bone density to historical data to determine
whether the patient has osteoporosis and to what degree.
Nuclear medicine - Shows the anatomy and function of organs and enables faster diagnosis
of some diseases and medical conditions.