Stroke Warning Signs
Signs & Symptoms To Know
Someone experiencing a stroke may have one or more of the following:
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg - especially on one side
of the body
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe headache
In the case that a sudden stroke occurs, the
National Stroke Association recommends this quick reference guide for recognizing stroke:
Ask the patient to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A = arms
Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S = speech
Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence.
Do they have trouble talking? Are the words slurred?
T = time
Call 911 right away.
The following risk factors can't be changed:
- Heredity (Family History) and Race - African-Americans have a higher risk
- Gender - men have a higher risk
- Prior stroke, TIA, or heart attack
The following risk factors can be changed, treated, or controlled:
- Carotid or Other Artery Disease
- Physical Inactivity and Obesity
911 EMS Activation: Crucial To Getting the Help You Need
- Multiple symptoms do not have to occur. Don't ignore signs of a stroke,
even if they go away.
- Check the time. When did the first warning sign or symptom begin? You,
or the person accompanying you, will be asked this important question
later. This is vital: if you are within 3 hours of when your symptoms
begin, a clot busting drug can reduce long-term disability for the most
common type of stroke.
If you have one or more stroke symptoms lasting more than a few minutes,
immediately call 9-1-1 or the EMS so an ambulance can quickly be sent for you.
Do not drive yourself.
- If you're with someone who may be experiencing stroke symptoms, imemdiatley
call 9-1-1 or the EMS. Expect the person to resist going to the hospital.
Don't take "no" for an answer because "Time Lost Is
- When communicating with the EMS or the hospital, make sure to use the word