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Prostate Cancer

Patient Education at Southern Regional

Before you can launch an effective battle against prostate cancer, it's important to understand the basics. Here you'll find some answers that will help you move forward with a solid grounding in the facts and be able to more effectively fight prostate cancer.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor (growth) that consists of cells from the prostate gland. The tumor usually grows slowly and remains confined to the gland for many years. Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in American men and the second leading cause of deaths from cancer, after lung cancer.

Prevention and Detection

Every man needs to know about prevention and early detection of prostate cancer. Here are some of the basic guidelines.

  • Both the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and digital rectal examination (DRE) should be completed annually, beginning at age 50.
  • Men at high risk (African-American men and men with one or more first-degree relatives diagnosed at an early age) should begin testing at age 40 or 45.
  • Information should be provided to all men about what is known and what is uncertain about the benefits and limitations of early detection and treatment of prostate cancer so that they can make an informed decision about testing.
  • Other types of prevention

Risk Factors

The following risk factors increase the chance of developing prostate cancer.

  • Gender – Being male
  • Age – Being over 50. More than 70% are diagnosed in men over the age of 65.
  • Race – African-American men are at higher risk than white American men. Asian men are at lower risk than white men. The risk in Hispanic men is similar to that of white men.
  • Nationality – Most common in North America and northwestern Europe. It is less common in Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America.
  • Family History – Prostate cancer seems to run in some families, suggesting an inherited or genetic factor.
  • Diet – A diet high in red meat and high-fat dairy products.
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Being Overweight or Obese

Treatment Options

In recent years, there have been many advances in treatments for prostate cancer. There is an extensive menu of treatment choices that fight the complex mix of cells in each individual cancer.

There are also new technologies available to help you have a faster recovery from surgery. At Southern Regional Medical Center, we offer the state-of-the-art da Vinci Surgical System, which provides a minimally-invasive option for prostate surgery.

Southern Regional provides the most advanced treatments and state-of-the-art surgical options. And we have plenty of resources to help you make informed decisions.